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According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, suicide is the biggest killer of men under the age of forty-five. This is the case in many countries worldwide, including the UK, USA, Australia, and Russia. In term of statistics it seems that more women are diagnosed with depression more often than men but that men are more likely to commit suicide.

Clearly there are reasons for this that are particular to men. Gender, cultural conditioning, and adequate role-models are contributing factors. As many women as men may contemplate ending their own lives, but men are more likely to go through with it, and often in violent ways. This says something about the psychology, attitudes, and mental well-being of men in our communities.

From a young age, boys are gendered in a particular way – boys will be boys, they are told, and boys don’t cry. With variation, it is a sensibility found in many cultures around the globe. As they grow up men are encouraged to present a strong, unaffected image, that often masks the deep need to communicate what is going on for them emotionally.

It is not to say that women have an easier time than men when it comes to mental health issues, but the data shows that our cultural perspectives and expectations of gender may contribute significantly to an increased suicide rate in men.

History Of International Men’s Day

In the early years IMD received overwhelming support in the Caribbean and due to the persistent networking and invitations sent to individuals in other nations International Men’s Day has taken root on the international scene. The Caribbean initiative is now independently celebrated in countries as diverse as Singapore, Australia, India, United Kingdom, United States, South Africa, Haiti, Jamaica, Hungary, Malta, Ghana, Moldova, and Canada and interest in the event is increasing rapidly.

Since 1999 the methods of commemorating International Men’s Day have included the giving and receiving of gifts, public seminars, forums, conferences, classroom activities at schools, Men’s Health events, Movember fundraisers, radio and television programs, Parliamentary speeches, Government Observances, Church observances, prayer meetings, peaceful gatherings and marches, awards ceremonies, special retail promotions, music concerts and art displays. The manner of observing this annual day is optional; any organizations are welcome to host their events, and any appropriate forums can be used.

International Men’s Day Timeline


First International Men’s Day is introduced

The idea for this first day first came to Thomas Oaster, a professor in Kansas City, Missouri, USA, who felt it was important to draw attention to the issues of men. Originally celebrated on February 7, it had success for a couple of years but then waned.[1]


International Men’s Day is revived

Dr. Jerome Teelucksingh, a professor from Trinidad and Tobago, revived the day but changed it to November 17. This date was significant because it was not only the birthdate of Teelucksingh’s father, but it was also the date in 1989 that the Trinidad & Tobago soccer team qualified for the World Cup, uniting the country with their efforts.[2]


Australia joins International Men’s Day

Growth and popularity of the day soon spread from the Caribbean to other places. In an effort to specifically support the plight of fathers, International Men’s Day was brought around in Australia through the efforts of the Dads4Kids Fatherhood Foundation.[3]


‘Movember’ gains traction in Australia

Also working with the focus of men’s health and other men’s issues, the Movember movement begins gaining traction (and raising funds!) in Australia. This event also takes place in November. The original focus was support for Prostate Cancer Awareness but it has grown to suicide prevention and other men’s issues.[4]


IMD is pioneered in India

Uma Challa, an Indian Men’s Advocate and mother of two, founded several non-profit organizations to promote family. Even without knowing the origins of International Men’s Day, Challa advocated for the event until India’s celebration became the biggest in the world. (Challa also created International Boy’s Day.)[5]


International Men’s Day committee is formed

Jerome Teelicksingh becomes the committee chair of the new organization with the aim of increasing awareness and including other nations in observance of this important day.[6]


Theme for IMD is gender equality

In keeping with the idea that International Men’s Day is not meant to compete with International Women’s Day (in March), the theme “Better Relations for Men and Women” promotes the strength of healthy gender relationships.[7]

Why is it relevant today?

International Men’s Day seeks to raise awareness about mental health issues in men, as well as other health and societal issues, by encouraging men to open up and communicate with others. The traditional ideas of what masculinity means in society is changing, and needs to change, if vulnerable men are to be protected from these harmful conditions.

As stereotypes and discrimination start to break down in our culture there is an emerging need for boys and young men to identify with positive role models that embody the true qualities of masculinity. Those of kindness, generosity, inner strength, and natural, open communication. International Men’s Day, and the month of November, is an excellent opportunity in our global culture to present the true face of masculinity to those who need to see it.

There are many high-profile men now embracing International Men’s Day, opening up channels of communication and taking responsibility for presenting this new wave of masculinity.

International Men’s Day encourages men to teach the boys in their lives the values, character and responsibilities of being a man. Mahatma Gandhi said, “We must become the change we seek.” It is only when we all, both men and women, lead by example that we will create a fair and safe society which allows everyone the opportunity to prosper.

Celebrate International Men’s Day

The month of November is important for the masculine soul because it gathers several events that are important to men. Movember is the month we focus on raising money for men’s health, by embracing the contemporary tradition of growing a moustache. Go to any social media page during the month of November and you are sure to encounter many friends and acquaintances updating their profile pictures and sharing donation opportunities. It is a chance to contribute to the efforts being made to improve the lives of valuable men and acknowledge the need to change some damaging attitudes.

Remember that the day is not intended to compete against International Women’s Day, but is for the purpose of highlighting men’s experiences. It is important that we acknowledge the differences between men and women and cater to their particular needs. It’s worth noting however that neither IMD or IWD are exclusive events. These events can be celebrated by men and women who wish to raise awareness and contribute to our collective wellbeing, as well as to educate more people about the issues.

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