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Guru Gobind Singh

A time for Sikhs to come together and honor the legacy of their beloved guru, Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is a Sikh holiday that commemorates the birthday of the tenth and final guru of the Sikh religion and is celebrated with prayer and community throughout the world.

History of Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti

Born on December 22, 1666, in Patna, Bihar, India, Guru Gobind Singh was the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of the Sikhs, and was just nine years old when his father was martyred by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb for refusing to convert to Islam. Despite this tragedy, Guru Gobind Singh went on to become a strong and influential leader in the Sikh community.

He worked to defend the rights of the oppressed, and is best known for forming the Khalsa, a community of initiated Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh also made important contributions to the Sikh scriptures, including the addition of the Dasam Granth, a collection of his own writings.

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti Timeline

December 22, 1666

Birth of Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh is born in Patna Sahib, Bihar Subah, India.[1]

March 29, 1676

Guru Gobind Singh becomes leader of the Sikhs

Following the martyrdom of his father, Guru Gobind Singh becomes the leader of the Sikh community at the young age of nine.[2]

April 13, 1699

Formation of the Khalsa

The first five members of the Khalsa are initiated by Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur Sahib.[3]


Battle of Muktsar

Guru Gobind Singh and his followers, known as the Sahibzade, are victorious against the Mughal army in the Battle of Muktsar.[4]

October 7, 1708

Guru Gobind Singh’s martyrdom

Hired by Wazir Khan, a Muslim army commander, two men assassinate Guru Gobind Singh while he sleeps.[5]

How to Observe Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated in Sikh communities around the world, and is observed by Sikhs of all ages, who come together in their local gurdwaras, or Sikh temples, to pray and participate in community gatherings. Non-Sikhs who wish to celebrate the holiday can do so by learning about the life and teachings of Guru Gobind Singh, visiting a gurdwara and participating in the celebrations, or by supporting causes that align with the values of the guru. Here are some ways to celebrate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti:

Attend a Gurdwara

Visiting a gurdwara is a superb way to find out more about the Sikh faith and celebrate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti. Many gurdwaras hold special services on the holiday, which may include singing hymns, reciting prayers, and listening to teachings from the guru’s writings. Visitors to the gurdwara should dress modestly and remove their shoes before entering.

Read About the Guru’s Life

Guru Gobind Singh’s life and teachings are an important part of the Sikh faith. Reading about his contributions to the religion is a great way to learn more about Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti and the values that he stood for. There are many books and online resources available that provide information about the guru’s life and teachings.

Volunteer with a Sikh Organization

Guru Gobind Singh was committed to helping the oppressed and standing up for justice. One way to celebrate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is by volunteering with a Sikh organization that works to promote social justice and equality. This could involve donating time or resources to a local group, or supporting a national or international organization that holds the same values as the guru’s.

Make a Charitable Donation

Guru Gobind Singh believed in the importance of giving to those in need. On Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, consider making a charitable donation to a cause that aligns with the guru’s values.

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